antimony sulfide refining

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antimony sulfide refining

A New Development in Smelting Methodology - MGS Precious ...

Nov 29, 2016· Originally, the researchers were testing a new chemical formulation for the development of a new kind of high temperature storage battery. The formulation used antimony sulfide, in addition to a second electrolyte (a blend of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, and sodium sulfide), between the positive and negative electrodes of the battery.

The exposure to and health effects of antimony

Public health effects of antimony. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry[] has composed a comprehensive account of the public health effects of antimony, including health effects by route of exposure (inhalation, oral, and dermal exposure), toxicokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion), biomarkers of exposure, and effect, among other chapters.

Tin processing |

Tin processing: Tin processing, preparation of the ore for use in various products. Tin (Sn) is a relatively soft and ductile metal with a silvery white colour. It has a density of 7.29 grams per cubic centimetre, a low melting point of 231.88 °C (449.38 °F), and a …


only significant antimony smelter in the United States and it is in a "sold out" condition. The Company has proven experience in underground and open pit mining, flotation and gravimetric milling, crushing and screening, dry grinding, cyanide leaching, precious metal refining, pyro-metallurgy, and marketing.

Zone refining of antimony trisulfide - ScienceDirect

Antimony trisulfide with melting point as high as 566°C was prepared by zone refining in sealed quartz ampoules. The deviations from the stoichiometry in the vicinity of Sb 2 S 3 composition were checked by DTA measurements. Some electrical and optical properties of …

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

impurities, including sulfur, antimony, arsenic, and lead. The roasted product, calcine, serves as a dried and heated charge for the smelting furnace. Smelting of roasted (calcine feed) or unroasted (green feed) ore concentrate produces matte, a molten mixture of copper sulfide (Cu2S), iron sulfide (FeS), and some heavy metals.

Antimony Recovery from End-of-Life Products and Industrial ...

The last primary producer of antimony in the U.S.A. (Sunshine Mining & Refining Company) was mining the complex copper-silver-antimony sulfide: freibergite (Cu,Ag) 12 Sb 4 S 13 . This mine produced both silver and antimony concentrates until its closure in 2001.

Mineral Commodity Profiles: Antimony - USGS

the element; in any case, he described the extraction of metallic antimony from its sulfide ore in his treatise "The Triumphal Chariot of Antimony," published sometime be tween A.D.1350 and 1600 (Li, 1953). Pliny the Elder named the metal stibium, and the eighth century Arabian alchemist Geber (Jabir) referred to it as "antimonium,"

Lead processing |

Of the more than 60 known lead-containing minerals, by far the most important primary ore of the metal is the lead sulfide galena (PbS). Galena often contains silver, zinc, copper, cadmium, bismuth, arsenic, and antimony; in fact, the value of the silver content often exceeds that of the lead, in which case it is deemed a silver ore.

12.6 Primary Lead Smelting - US EPA

bullion settles to the bottom and is tapped back to the receiving kettles, and matte (copper sulfide and other metal sulfides), which rises to the top, and speiss (high in arsenic and antimony content) are both typically forwarded to copper smelters. The third and final phase in the processing of lead ore to metallurgical lead, the refining of the

Antimony Oxide -

Antimony oxide is a white powder and is derived from the mineral stibnite (antimony sulfide) or produced by the oxidation of antimony metal or as a byproduct of the refining or antimonial-lead alloys. It sometimes behaves as a metal and sometimes as a non metal.

ASARCO » Refining

The Asarco Copper RefineryImagine a building bigger than ten football fields — so long, it's said, that the builders had to account for the curvature of the earth when laying out the foundation!It's the Asarco Copper Refinery in Amarillo, Texas, a state known for big things where big things happen.

Refining Antimony From Stibnite -

Antimony smelting method has dominated and wet two kinds, mainly is sulfide ore ( stibnite), the(1) the dominated by refined antimony sulfide ore volatile roasting or volatile smelting, make Sb2S3 into Sb2O3 (known as antimony oxygen), then after reduction smelting and refining, as a metal antimony .

Chemie der Erde - Massachusetts Institute of Technology

C.G. Anderson / Chemie der Erde 72 (2012) S4, 3–8 5 Table 3 Plant capacities of historic leading producers of refined antimony. Company Location Total capacity and products (Sb tonne/year) Hsikwangshan Mining Administration China 30,000 (metal, trioxide, pentoxide, sodium antimonate) Kadamjaisk Antimony Combine Kyrgystan 20,000 (metal, trioxide)

Antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) -

IDENTIFICATION AND USE: Antimony trisulfide is a solid, grey or red-orange. It is used in pyrotechnics, as well as in the manufacture of ruby glass, matches, explosives, and as a pigment in paints. HUMAN STUDIES: Workmen in a plant where antimony trisulfide was used were studied, focusing on cardiovascular status.

EP0806487A1 - Extraction of antimony from sulfide ores by ...

EP19970201300 1996-05-06 1997-04-29 Extraction of antimony from sulfide ores by alkaline leaching, recovery of elemental sulfur and electrowinning antimony from fluoborate solution Withdrawn EP0806487A1 (en) Priority Applications (2)

Antimony concentrate from peru - YouTube

May 21, 2019· 1,8%. peru. 48.barrick gold makes strategic investment in midas gold antimony is an important strategic metal for and on site production of gold and silver doré and an antimony …

Leaching of Antimony From a Refractory Precious Metals ...

Technology for its recovery and refining was available before Christianity began. The majority of ... In leaching, the sulfide complexes the antimony in a water soluble anionic form. For pure ...

Antimony Smelting - Mineral Processing & Metallurgy

The history of the antimony industry of China dates back to 1897 when the Tai Shing Co. was formed, under contract with the Hunan Bureau of Mines, for the smelting of the ore to crude; and in 1908 the Wah Chang Mining & Smelting Co. was formed for the smelting and refining of the ore and crude to regulus.

USAC Production Facilities - us antimony

SILVER AND GOLD REFINERY, THOMPSON FALLS, MONTANA. This plant recovers silver and gold as either a high purity silver metal and/or gold as dore or high purity metal. The current capacity is 10,000 ounces of silver and 50 ounces of gold per month. 3. ANTIMONY OXIDE OR SULFIDE SMELTER, MADERO, COAHUILA, MEXICO

US4078917A - Extraction of antimony trioxide from antimony ...

Disclosed is a process for extracting antimony trioxide from antimony sulfide ore concentrate by solubility differential of the trioxide in lower alkanol solutions of sodium or potassium hydroxide and wherein the total amount of water contained in the concentrate, the alkanol and the hydroxide is not more than 26.52 volume percent of the antimony sulfide content; which process includes ...

Sulphur Refining of Gold - Mineral Processing & Metallurgy

Refining using Sulphide of Antimony. This process is also some centuries old, and is based on the fact that when gold-silver alloys are melted with sulphide of antimony sulphide of silver will form, and the gold will alloy with the antimony. Au + 6Ag + Sb2S3 = Au + 2Sb + 3Ag 2S. Copper and other metals will also be removed by this process.


The formation of metallic antimony occurred without any decomposition in the course of the direct reduction of sodium metaantimonate. The concentrate reduction smelting carried out in presence of a refining flux provided to obtain rough antimony of low impurities content. Keywords: antimony concentrate, reduction smelting, rough antimony.

Pretreatment Using Alkaline Sulfide Leaching and Nitrogen ...

antimony leaching in alkaline sulfide media will be discussed including some details of a novel ... to the Sunshine refinery where its focus has been for the treatment of silver concentrates. Much

antimony sulfide oxide -

Antimony Oxide Provided Antimony Oxide is a white powder and is gotten from the mineral stibnite (antimony sulfide) or delivered by the oxidation of antimony metal or as a result of the refining or antimonieslead combinations.

Metal Sulfides - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

(a) Sodium sulfide leaching. Arsenic, antimony, and bismuth can be leached from copper concentrates before smelting to improve the quality of the concentrate and to recover these elements. An alkaline solution of sodium sulfide is used, and the thiosalts formed are treated further for recovery or disposal.

Project Synopsis - Process Engineering Associates, LLC

The client, an antimony mining concern, contracted with Process Engineering Associates, LLC (PROCESS) to provide process design services for a sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) production area of a greenfield antimony refining facility.